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Home Echocardiography, Ultrasound, and POCUS Application: Abstracts, Summaries & Reviews

Letter: Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter Guided Detection of Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy

This letter was written in response to the research letter discussing the measurement of ultrasonography guided optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) and its correlation with outcome…

Research Letter: Bedside Ultrasound Measurement of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter in Patients with Sepsis: A Prospective Observational Study

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a serious condition that can lead to cognitive impairment, sleep disturbances, delirium and even coma. One of the complications of SAE is brain edema leading to high intracranial pressure…

Clinical Investigation: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Contrast Echocardiography

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is marked by left ventricular hypertrophy. Left ventricular wall thickness (LVWT) is a key element in the diagnostic workup and prognostic assessment of HCM…

Systematic Review & Meta‐Analysis: Is Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) Superior to Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) in Detection of Endoleaks in Post-EVAR Patients?

The author concluded contrast-enhanced ultrasound scan has a higher sensitivity and comparable specificity to computed tomography angiography for detection of endoleaks post-EVAR…

Original Investigation: Right Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain and Outcomes in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction

Studies evaluated prognostic impact of right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) found patients with RVD had a worse prognosis…

Clinical Research: Echocardiographic Evaluation of Cardiac Recovery After Refractory Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

While several techniques have been employed, there is no consensus as to whether unloading strategies should be routinely employed to reduce LV wall stress…

Original Investigation: Incidence of Stress Cardiomyopathy During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

Recent reports suggest that the incidence of stress cardiomyopathy (also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy) may have gone up during the COVID-19 crisis.

Research Analysis: A Prospective Evaluation of Point-of-Care Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Diverticulitis in the Emergency Department

Diverticulitis often presents with a constellation of non-specific symptoms, including diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain, making it challenging to diagnose…

Review: A Systematic Review and Pooled Analysis of CPR-Associated Cardiovascular and Thoracic Injuries

CPR-associated thoracic injuries in setting of manual chest compressions or circulatory adjuncts using active compression–decompression technology is not well characterized…

Review: Recommendations for Core Critical Care Ultrasound Competencies as a Part of Specialist Training

Critical care ultrasound (CCUS) has become an integral part of intensive care practice but only few countries have managed to operationalize this guidance…

Clinical Research: Tissue Doppler Imaging of the Diaphragm in Healthy Subjects and Critically Ill Patients

Ultrasonography has been used to evaluate diaphragmatic motion characteristics, with derived measurements relating to outcome of weaning from ventilation…

Case Report: Stab Wound of the Superficial Femoral Artery Early Diagnosed by Point-of-Care Doppler Ultrasound

Point-of-care Doppler ultrasound was performed and demonstrated a large hypoechoic, slightly pulsating hematoma in the subfascial compartment…

Prospective International Survey: Global Evaluation of Echocardiography in Patients with COVID-19

Accumulating data suggest that COVID-19 can cause a wide range of cardiac conditions that include acute myocardial infarction, myocarditis, and stress cardiomyopathy.

Study of Ethics & Law: Analysis of Lawsuits Related to Diagnostic Errors from Point-of-Care Ultrasound in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Family Medicine and Critical Care in the USA.

As adoption of this Point-of-Care ultrasound continues to increase in internal medicine, cardiac care, pediatrics and more, there are some concerns about potential for lawsuits related to its use in clinical practice.

Clinical Investigations: Systematic Assessment of the Impact of Ultrasound-Enhancing Agents upon Measurements of Cardiac Size and Function by Echocardiography

Ultrasound-enhancing contrast agent (CON) is now used routinely to improve both endocardial definition and accurate measurements in patients with suboptimal image quality.

Case Report: Pediatric Case of Successful Point-of-Care Ultrasound-Guided Nasogastric Tube Placement

Nasogastric tube (NGT) placement is commonly performed in pediatric emergency care for gastric decompression, enteral feeding, and drug administration, and has the potential to cause serious complications.

Case Report: Point-of-Care Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Neonatal Cerebral Sinovenous Thrombosis

This is a case of a 27-day-old male neonate who was admitted to the pediatric ward with acute respiratory syncytial virus-bronchiolitis.

Research Letter: A longitudinal cohort of stress cardiomyopathy assessed with speckletracking echocardiography after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury.

When assessed with speckle-tracking echography, stress cardiomyopathy is seen in about a third of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).

Correspondence: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of the lung reveals multiple areas of microthrombi in a COVID-19 patient

The correspondence letter describes contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of the lung, and follows a different letter in Intensive Care Medicine (April 23, 2020) questioning whether areas of subpleural consolidation are indicative of segmental pulmonary embolus.

Research: Regional right ventricular longitudinal systolic strain for detection of severely impaired right ventricular performance in pulmonary hypertension

Right ventricular (RV) function is a key determinant of outcome in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), which is a life- threatening disease leading to RV dilatation and failure. Hemodynamics assessed using Invasive approach of right heart catheterization (RHC) provides important information of RV function and prognosis.

Review: Point-of-care ultrasound in pregnancy: gastric, airway, neuraxial, cardiorespiratory.

This is a review article that looks into the use of PoCUS in the anesthetic management of the obstetric patient. The article reviews the use of ultrasound for assessment of aspiration risk, airway management, placement of neuraxial blocks and the diagnosis and follow-up of cardiorespiratory dysfunction.

Review: Rolling a trauma patient onto the right side increases sensitivity of FAST examination.

Shortening time for hemoperitoneum diagnosis may improve morbidity and mortality if time from diagnosis to operating room is shortened. Therefore, techniques that increases the sensitivity of FAST exam may lead to reduced morbidity & mortality.

Analysis: Self-learning of point-of-care cardiac ultrasound — Can medical students teach themselves?

Training of PoCUS is challenging, time-consuming and resource-intensive. This study evaluated whether training process can be simplified by allowing medical students to self-train with web-based cardiac ultrasound software.

Abstract: Echocardiography – POCUS Training Recommendations

Recommendations for Echocardiography Laboratories Participating in Cardiac Point of Care Cardiac Ultrasound (POCUS) and Critical Care Echocardiography Training: Report from the American Society of Echocardiography.

Abstract: Echocardiography – Diagnosis of PFO

Importance of Abdominal Compression Valsalva Maneuver and Microbubble Grading In Contrast Transthoracic Echocardiography for Detecting Patent Foramen Ovale.

Abstract: Pediatric POCUS: Skull Fractures Detection

The utility of Ultrasound in detecting skull fractures after pediatric blunt head trauma. Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Abstract: Pediatric POCUS: G-Tube Confirmation

Point-of-care ultrasound for confirmation of gastrostomy tube replacement in the pediatric emergency department